Perubahan Tutupan Lahan dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Pola Persebaran Suhu di Kota Gorontalo

Mohammad Duka, Firyane Lihawa, Sukirman Rahim

Abstract


Gorontalo City is one of the regions in Gorontalo Province. Urban development and population growth, causing pressure on land use patterns. Changes in land use are carried out to meet the community's needs for infrastructure. At present, development in Gorontalo City is still ongoing. The increase in temperature is expected to continue and can trigger heat island. This is very important to be studied for the Gorontalo City development planning that is more environmentally friendly. This study aims to analyze the heat island phenomenon through the relationship of the spatial distribution of surface temperature with various types of land cover and vegetation characteristics. The object of this research is the Gorontalo City area on Landsat path-row 121- 65 satellite imagery media. The research material is the wavelength of visible light, near-infrared and moderate infrared and thermal wavelengths on satellite imagery of Landsat TM and OLI TIRS. The results showed an increase in temperature in Gorontalo City since 1990, 2003, and 2017. The correlation between surface temperature and land cover is negative. The value of the correlation coefficient (r) in 1990 was -0.41. The correlation coefficient (r) in 2003 was -0.448. The correlation coefficient (r) in 2017 is -0.402. Changes in surface temperature in Gorontalo City are influenced by changes in the land cover which is marked by the similarity of patterns of changes in surface temperature distribution with patterns of land cover changes.


Keywords


Gorontalo City; Land Cover; Temperature Distribution

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adiningsih, E. S., Soenarmo, S. H., & Mujiasih. (2001). Kajian Perubahan Distribusi Spasial Suhu Udara Akibat Perubahan Penutup Lahan. Studi Kasus Cekungan Bandung. Jurnal Lapan.

Affan, M. J. (2002). Penilaian Tingkat Bahaya Kebakaran Hutan Berdasarkan Indeks Vegetasi dan KDBI. Bogor: Jurusan Geofisika dan Meteorologi, FMIPA IPB.

Asdak, C. (2014). Hidrologi dan Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Block, A. H., Livesley, S., & William, N. (2012). Responding to the Urban Heat Island : A Review of the Potential Green Infrastructure. Victorian Centre for Climate Change Adaptation Research. Victorian Centre for Climate Change Adaptation Research.

Fandely, C., & Muhamad. (2009). Prinsip-prinsip Dasar Mengkonservasi. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Iriyanto, S. (2008). Analisis Kebijakan Program Pembangunan Prasarana Kota Terpadu (P3KT) Kota Liwa Kabupaten Lampung Barat dan Arah Kebijakan Pembangunan Kota Liwa Pada Era Otonomi Daerah (Studi Kasus P3KT: Komponen Air Bersih). Jakarta: Perpustakaan Universitas Indonesia.

Jaya, I. (2010). Analisis Citra Digital: Perspektif Penginderaan Jauh untuk Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam. Bogor: Departemen Manajemen Hutan; Fakultas Kehutanan IPB.

Kong, F., Yin, H., James, P., Hutyra, L., & He, H. S. (2014). Effects of Spatial pattern of greenspace on urban cooling in large metropolitan area of eastern China. Landscape and urban Planning, 35 - 47.

Lillesand, T. M., & Kiefer, R. W. (2000). Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation. (IV ed.). New York: Wiley & Sons.

Nurhayati. (2016). Analisis Fenomena Pulau Panas (Heat Island) Di Kabupaten Majalengka. Tesis. Program Studi Magister Ilmu Lingkungan. Universitas Padjajaran. Bandung. Bandung: Program Studi Magister Ilmu Lingkungan Universitas Padjajaran.

Purnomohadi, S. (1995). Peran Ruang Terbuka Hijau dalam Pengendalian Kualitas Udara di DKI Jakarta. Bogor: IPB Bogor.

Sugini. (2014). Kenyamanan Termal Ruang; Konsep dan Penerapan pada Desain. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Tatura, L. S. (2010). Kajian perubahan tutupan lahan dalam Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kota Gorontalo. Jurnal Inovasi, Vo. 10(1). Diambil kembali dari http://ejurnal.ung.ac.id

US Environmental Protection Agency. (2012, September). Guideline for water reuse. Washington DC. Diambil kembali dari https://www.epa.gov

Wonohardjo, S. (2010). Pengaruh Karakteristik Fisik Terhadap Fenomena Pulau Panas (Heat Island) Kawasan Kota Bandung. . Bandung: Program Studi Arsitektur Institut Teknologi Bandung.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.34312/jgeosrev.v2i1.2682



Copyright (c) 2020 Jambura Geoscience Review

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.