Criminology Study of Sexual Violence in Children

Khairunnisa Taha Oponu, Mutia Cherawaty Thalib, Avelia Mantali


The purpose of this study is to determine the factors that cause sexual violence that occurs in children and to determine the efforts to overcome cases of sexual violence against children in Gorontalo Regency. The research method used is empirical legal research using a case approach and a conceptual approach. The results of the study found that there were five factors that caused cases of sexual violence against children in Gorontalo Regency, including: the lack of family responsibility, the lack of social control from the community, the technology factor, the alcohol factor, the lack of understanding and the inculcation of norms in the order of life. . The most dominant factors according to the percentage of cases of sexual violence against children in Gorontalo Regency are the lack of parental responsibility and technology (social media) factors. Efforts to prevent and overcome cases of sexual violence against children in Gorontalo Regency are carried out with preventive efforts, namely a form of prevention before the occurrence of cases of sexual violence against children. Preventive efforts are divided into five efforts, including: applying self-awareness, active communication with family, using technology as best as possible, choosing a good environment, socialization from related parties. The other efforts are repressive efforts, one of the forms of efforts to overcome when there have been cases of sexual violence against children. Repressive efforts are carried out by providing criminal sanctions for crimes that have been committed by the perpetrators. As well as repressive efforts to victims by providing psychological assistance and legal assistance.


Children; Criminology Studies; Sexual Violence

Full Text:




Atamimi, Lutfiah. (2018). “Cyberporn Regulation in the Perspective of Criminal Law and Islamic Criminal Law”. Thesis. Yogyakarta: Indonesian Islamic University.

Fahham, Muchaddam A, et al. (2019). "Sexual Violence in the Digital Age". Malang: Research Center of the Indonesian House of Representatives Expertise Board.

Nashriana. (2014). "Criminal Law Protection for Children in Indonesia". Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Neherta, Meri. (2017). "Intervention for the Prevention of Sexual Violence Against Children". Padang: Faculty of Public Health, Andalas University.

Ramadhani, Jasmine. (2020). "Criminological Review of Children as Victims of Repeated Sexual Violence". Thesis. Muhammadiyah University of North Sumatra: Medan.

Situmeang, MT, Sahat. (2021). "Criminology Textbook". Depok: Rajawali Buana Pustaka.

Yuwono DI (2015). “Application of Law in Cases of Sexual Violence Against Children”, Yogyakarta: Pustala Yustisia.

Journal articles:

Achir, Nuvazria. (2022). “Fulfillment of The Constitutional Rights of Abandoned Children Victims of Economic Exploitation”, Jambura Law Review. 4(1), 160-175.

Alhasni, Moh. R. Lisnawaty Badu, et al. (2019). “Measuring the Role of the Police in Preventing the Crime of Sexual Immorality against Minors”. Journal of Legality, Faculty of Law, UNG. 12(2), 110-123.

Bret Nito, PJ et al. (2021). “Sex Education “Sexual Violence in Children” Preventive Efforts for Sexual Violence and Harassment in Children”, Journal of Asylum for Insan Serving, 3(2), 78-86.

Dania. AI (2020). "Sexual Violence in Children". Ibnu Sina: Journal of Medicine and Health, FK UNISU. 19(1), 1-7.

Febrianti, Nurul, et al. (2020). "Protection of Early Childhood Rights Against Sexual Violence". Semarang State University: Indonesian Legal Service Journal. 03(1), 56-66.

Kristina, Ni Made Dwi. (2014). "Sexual Violence (Rape) from a Criminological Perspective". Journal of Master of Law Udayana. 7(3), 371-382.

Nurwati, RN and Shafira PR (2021). "The Importance of Raising Parental Awareness So As Not To Do Violence Against Children". Focus: Journal of Social Work. 4(2), 189-197.

Puluhulawa, Moh. Rusdiyanto, et al. (2019). “Policies in Combating the Crime of Abuse Using Wayer Arrows by Children in Gorontalo City”. Juridical Journal, 6(2), 93-117.

Purwanti, Ani. and Mazellina. H. (2018). "Strategy for the Settlement of Sexual Violence Against Women and Children Through the Sexual Violence Bill". Journal of Legal Problems. 42(2), 138-148.

Talib, Mutia C. (2021). "Reflections on the Protection of the Rights of "Children Need Love" in Gorontalo City". Journal of Early Childhood Education. 5(1), 566-575.

Wantu, Fence M. and Moh. Taufiq Zulfikar Sarson. (2020). “Legal Protection of Women as Victim of Domestic Violance”. Indonesian Journal of Advocacy and Legal Services. 1(2), 243-258.

Zainuddin. and Ridho, D. (2020). "Criminological Study on Sexual Harassment of Santri by Dayah Workers". Panca Budi Journal, 441-454. Accessed January 16, 2022, from Seminar Of Social Sciences Engineering & Humanities, University of Muhammadiyah North Sumatra.


Criminal Code (KUHP)

Law Number 35 of 2014 Amendments to Law Number 23 of 2004 concerning Child Protection.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office of Estudiante Law Journal:
2nd Floor Pancasila building, Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Gorontalo
Jenderal Sudirman Street No.6, Gorontalo City, Gorontalo Province, 96128, Indonesia
Tel. +62-812-1356-9044; +62-822-9329-6045 (SMS/WA)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.