Unsur Kelumit Esensial (Mn Dan Zn) dalam Biji Kakao (Theobroma Cacao L.) dari Daerah Perkebunan Ransiki Papua Barat

Sabir Sumarna, Yunita Pare Rombe, Murtihapsari Murtihapsari, Apriani Sulu Parubak, Christiana Niken Larasati, Putri Sarera Surbakti, Arniana Anwar


Cocoa is a rich source of essential minerals and contributes a significant amount of minerals in the human diet. Processed products from cocoa in the form of chocolate are in great demand by almost everyone from various statuses and social groups. The high consumption of chocolate is also not a fact that chocolate is beneficial to human health. The essential minerals (Mn and Zn) in cocoa beans are needed by the human body as a source of minerals, but if excess can be harmful to the body. The purpose of this study was to determine the content of essential trace elements in cocoa beans and their potential as raw materials for food products. The analysis method uses AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry). The results showed the content of micronutrients (Mn and Zn) in cocoa beans at five location points with an average value of 0.8976 mg/100 g and 5.7534 mg/100 g.


Keywords: Cocoa beans, Nutrition, Trace Element, West Papua

Full Text:



Afoakwa, E. O., Quao, J., Budu, A. S., Takrama, J., & Saalia, F. K. (2011). Effect of Pulp Preconditioning on Acidification , Proteolysis , Sugars and Free Fatty Acids Concentration During Fermentation of Cocoa ( Theobroma Cacao ) Beans. 62(November), 755–764. https://doi.org/10.3109/09637486.2011.581224

Bertoldi, D., Barbero, A., Camin, F., Caligiani, A., & Larcher, R. (2016). Multielemental Fingerprinting and Geographic Traceability of Theobroma Cacao Beans and Cocoa Products. Food Control, 65, 46–53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2016.01.013

Bhattacharya, P. T., Misra, S. R., & Hussain, M. (2016). Nutritional Aspects of Essential Trace Elements in Oral Health and Disease: An Extensive. Review, Hindawi Publishing Corporation Scientifica, 1–12.

Chen, P., Bornhorst, J., & Aschner, M. (2018). Manganese Metabolism in Human. Frontiers In Bioscience, 23, 1655–1679.

Cinquanta, L., Di Cesare, C., Manoni, R., Piano, A., Roberti, P., & Salvatori, G. (2016). Mineral Essential Elements For Nutrition In Different Chocolate Products. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 67(7), 773–778. https://doi.org/10.1080/09637486.2016.1199664

Fartusie, F. S. A., & Mohssan, S. N. (2017). Essential Trace Elements and Their Vital Roles in Human Body. Indian Journal of Advances in Chemical Science, 5(3).

Grembecka, M., & Szefer, P. (2012). Differentiation of Confectionery Products Based on Mineral Composition. Food Anal. Methods, 5, 250–259. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12161-011-9234-0

Laine, D. M., Trebissou, Lohoues, & Sess. (2015). Evaluation of Levels of Minerals and Trace Elements of Cocoa ( Theobroma cacao ) in Côte d ’ Dvoire. Academia Journal of Agricultural Research, 3(11), 321–326. https://doi.org/10.15413/ajar.2015.0167

Pendias, K, A. (2001). Trace Elements in Soils and Plants. In Third Edition. CRC Press. London New York Washington. D.C.

Pusdatin. (2021). Outlook Kakao: Komoditas Komoditas Pertanian Subsektor Perkebunan. Kementrian Pertanian.

Rombe, Y. P., Simanjuntak, I. O., Noor, A., & Nafie, N. L. (2019). Comparison of Micronutrients Content (Fe, Cu, Mn) in Cacao Beans From Plantation Area And Transmigration Area in East Luwu. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1341(3). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1341/3/032043

Rucker, R. (2009). Nutritional Properties of Cocoa. John Wiley & Sons. Inc, USA.

Sager, M. (2015). Chocolate and Cocoa Products as A Source of Essential Elements in Nutrition. J Nutr Food Sci, 2(1), 2–10. https://doi.org/10.4172/2155-9600.1000123

Sakya, A. T. (2016). Peningkatan Ketersediaan Nutrisi Mikro Pada Tanaman: Upaya Mengurangi Malnutrisi Pada Manusia. Caraka Tani–Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 31(2), 118–128.

Soetan, K. O., Olaiya, C. ., & Oyewole, O. . (2016). The Importance of Mineral Elements For Humans, Domestic Animals and Plants: A Review. African Journal of Food Science, 4(May), 1–23.

Umran, H., Canan, O., Sermin, C., Ali, O., & F Serap, E. (2012). Major-minor element analysis in some plant seeds consumed as feed in Turkey. Natural science, 2012.

WHO. (2004). Vitamin and Mineral Requirementsin Human Nutrition Second Edition. Minimum Graphics, Hongkong.

Winarno, F. G. (1992). Kimia Pangan dan Gizi. Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Jakarta.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.34312/jambchem.v4i2.14595


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Jambura Journal of Chemistry


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.