Pengaruh Isolasi Cangkang Telur Ayam Ras Petelur Terhadap Kadar Abu

Rico Arianto, Siti Nani Nurbaeti, Fajar Nugraha, Inarah Fajriaty, Hadi Kurniawan, Adnan Pramudio

Abstract


Eggshell powder for laying hens contains calcium carbonate CaCO3 (98%) and calcium (28%), efficacious as an antiseptic, antibacterial, and the development of the mineral apatite in the formation of bones and teeth. Eggshell powder is an organic waste that has the potential to be used as a supplement material for calcium sources for humans. However, the content of eggshells consists of inorganic compounds that produce ash. Eggshells as a supplement material must meet quality and safety standards, but this has never been done. Therefore, in this study, an ash content test was carried out with the aim of knowing the inorganic content in the isolation of eggshells of laying hens. Eggshells were isolated by demineralization and deproteination processes. The test results showed that the ash content in the eggshells of laying hens was 95.13%, while in the isolation results the ash content was 96.13%.

Keywords


Eggshell, Ash content, Demineralization, Deproteination

Full Text:

PDF

References


M. Yudhistira Azis, T. Rahayu Putri, F. Rizqi Aprilia, Y. Ayuliasari, O. Agustin Dwi Hartini, and D. Mochammad Resya Putra, “Eksplorasi kadar kalsium dalam limbah cangkang kulit telur bebek dan burung puyuh (Ca) menggunakan metode titrasi dan AAS,” 2019.

Mahreni, E. Sulistyowati, S. Sampe, and C. dan Willyam, “Pembuatan hidroksi apatit dari kulit telur,” Pengemb. Teknol. Kim. Untuk Pengolah. Sumber Daya Alam Indones., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 2012.

H. W. Yonata D, Aminah S, “Kadar kalsium dan karakteristik fisik tepung cangkang telur unggas dengan perendaman berbagai pelarut,” J. Pangan Dan Gizi, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 82–93, 2017.

S. D. Dewi S, Dahlan K, “Pemanfaatan limbah cangkang telur ayam dan bebek sebagai sumber kalsium untuk sintesis mineral tulang,” J. Pendidik. Fis. Indones., vol. 10, no. 1, 2014, doi: 10.15294/jpfi.v10i1.3054.

A. Macharia and K. ’ Ori, “A Review of the uses of poultry eggshells and shell membranes effect of enzyme inclusion in mature milled proposis juliflora pods based diets on performance of indigenous chicken layers view project Use of abattoir wastes for livestock feeding view projec,” 2017.

A. M. dan N. Legowo, Analisis Pangan. 2014.

A. O. O. A. Chemists (AOAC), “Official Method 942.05. Determination of Ash in Animal Feed,” Official methods of analysis of AOAC International. AOAC International Gaithersburg, MD, USA, pp. 8–8, 2005.

L. H. Suryati, Maherawati, “Karakteristik fisikokimia dan organoleptik cookies dengan penambahan puree labu kuning dan tepung cangkang telur ayam,” J. Teknol. Pangan, vol. 2, pp. 12–25, 2019.

P. Soewondo and S. Notodarmojo, “Pembuatan, karakterisasi dan aplikasi kitosan dari cangkang kerang hijau (Mytulus virdis linneaus) sebagai koagulan penjernih air,” no. October, 2013, doi: 10.31227/osf.io/2gr6n.

Zainab, Sulistyani, and Nanik, “Penetapan parameter standarisasi non spesifik dan spesifik ekstrak daun henna ( Lawsonia inermis L .),” Fak. Farm. Univ. Ahmad Dahlan, vol. 13, pp. 212–226, 2016.

Y. Syukri, R. Purwati, N. Hazami, H. Anshory Tahmid, and A. Fitria, “Standardization of specific and non-specific parameters of propolis extract as raw material for herbal product,” EKSAKTA J. Sci. Data Anal., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 36–43, 2020, doi: 10.20885/eksakta.vol1.iss1.art6.

R. Rubiyanti et al., “Determination of parameters standardization crude drug and extract arabica coffee beans (Coffea arabica L .),” vol. 6, no. 02, pp. 61–70, 2017.

L. Ardin, L. Karimuna, and M. Amrullah Pagala, “Formulasi tepung cangkang telur dan tepung beras merah terhadap nilai kalsium dan organoleptik kue karasi,” J. Sains Dan Teknol. Pangan, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1892–1904, 2019.

J. Badillo-Camacho, E. Orozco-Guareño, G. G. Carbajal-Arizaga, R. Manríquez-Gonzalez, I. D. Barcelo-Quintal, and S. Gomez-Salazar, “Cr(VI) adsorption from aqueous streams on eggshell membranes of different birds used as biosorbents,” Adsorpt. Sci. Technol., vol. 38, no. 9–10, pp. 413–434, 2020, doi: 10.1177/0263617420956893.

A. Hussain, S. Dev, Y. Gariepy, V. Orsat, and G. S. V Raghavan, “Microwave-assisted separation of eggshell and membrane,” Can. Soc. Bioeng., 2009.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, Pedoman umum panen dan pasca panen tanaman obat. Tawangmangu, 2011.

J. K. H. and A. S. , Cecilia G.J.Lunardhi, “Kemampuan bioaktif glass (Novamin) dan casein peptide amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) terhadap demineralisasi enamel,” Conserv. Dent. J., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 111–119, 2017.

B. Y. Shekunov, P. Chattopadhyay, H. H. Y. Tong, and A. H. L. Chow, “Particle size analysis in pharmaceutics: Principles, methods and applications,” Pharm. Res., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 203–227, 2007, doi: 10.1007/s11095-006-9146-7.

Y. P. Utami, B. Taebe, and Fatmawati, “Standardisasi parameter spesifik dan non spesifik ekstrak etanol daun murbei (Morus alba L.) asal Kabupaten Soppeng Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan,” J. Pharm. Med. Sci., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 48–52, 2016.

M. A. Anggarani, A. D. Ayuningsih, E. Yudianto, and B. A. Prasodi, “The composition of water and ash of secang wood’s simplicia and secang wood herbal drink powder,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser., vol. 1417, no. 1, 2019, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1417/1/012033.

T. F. Scientific, Safety Data Sheet Calcium Carbonat Revision 6. 2020.

E. O. Ajala, O. A. Eletta, and S. K. Oyeniyi, “Characterization and evaluation of chicken eggshell for use as a bio-resource,” 2018.

N. L. Nadia LMH, Huli LO, “Pembuatan dan karakterisasi kitosan dari cangkang rajungan (Portunus pelagicus) asal Sulawesi Tenggara,” J. Fish Protech, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 77–84, 2018.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.37311/jsscr.v4i2.13982

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Journal Syifa Sciences and Clinical Research (JSSCR)



EDITORIAL OFFICE OF JOURNAL SYIFA SCIENCES AND CLINICAL RESEARCH
  Department of Pharmacy, Gorontalo State University
Jl. Jenderal Sudirman No.6, Kota Gorontalo, Provinsi Gorontalo 96128, Indonesia
  Email: info.jsscr@ung.ac.id
Google Scholar : JOURNAL SYIFA SCIENCES AND CLINICAL RESEARCH
  +62-815-47458537 (Call/SMS/WA)
+62-813-60606757 (Call/SMS/WA)

Creative Commons License

Journal Syifa Sciences and Clinical Research  is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.