Composition of coral species and benthic organism at Tiaka Oilfield, Tolo Bay, Central Sulawesi

Kasim Mansyur, Achmad Rizal, Musayyadah Tis'in, Muh Saleh Nurdin, Nuke Susanti


This research aims to find out the composition of the coral and benthic organisms at Tiaka Oilfield. This study was conducted in July 2015. Monitoring of coral and benthic organisms used line intercept transect and visual census method. The research results indicated that 16 coral species were consisting of 6 genera. Coral species dominated by the genus Acropora. Benthic organisms that live in symbiosis with coral reef ecosystems in the Tiaka Oil Field were found 11 benthic species consisting of 54 species


coral species; benthic organism; Tiaka Oil Field

Full Text:



Ammar, M. S. A., El-Gammal, F., Nassar, M., Belal, A., Farag, W., El-Mesiry, G., El-Haddad, K., Orabi, A., Abdelreheem, A., & Shaaban, A. (2013). Review: Current trends in coral transplantation – an approach to preserve biodiversity. Biodiversitas, 14(1), 43–53.

Anderson, K., Pratchett, M., & Baird, A. (2012). Summer growth rates of corals at Lord Howe Island, Australia. Proceedings of the 12th International Coral Reef Symposium, Cairns, Australia.

Arini, D.I.I. (2013). The challenge and conservation efforts of Indonesian coral reefs [Indonesian]. Info BPK Manado, 3(2), 147–172. Retrieved from:

Babu, I. K. K., & Sureshkumar, S. (2016). Survival and growth of transplanted coral fragment in lagoons of Lakshadweep with notes on fish aggregation. International Journal of Applied and Pure Science and Agriculture, 2(5), 19–25. Retrieved from:

Bahri, B., Rudi, E., & Dewiyanti, I. (2015). Coral reefs and macroinvertebrates condition in Ujong Pancu, Peukan Bada District, Aceh Besar [Indonesian]. Depik, 4(1), 1–7.

Burke, L., Selig, E., & Spalding, M. (2002). Threatened Coral Reefs in Southeast Asia [Indonesian]. World Resources Institute.

Camp, E. F., Schoepf, V., Mumby, P. J., Hardtke, L. A., Rodolfo-Metalpa, R., Smith, D. J., & Suggett, D. J. (2018). The future of coral reefs subject to rapid climate change: lessons from natural extreme environments. Frontiers in Marine Science, 5(4), 1-21.

Edrus, I. N., Arief, S., & Setyawan, I. E. (2010). Current state of Saleh Bay’s reef health, Sumbawa: an aspect review of reef bottom substrates and reef fish diversity [Indonesian]. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia, 16(2), 147-161.

English, S,. Wilkinson, C., & Baker, V. (1997). Survey manual for tropical marine resources. Second edition. Townsville: Australian Institute of Marine Science.

Fadli, N., Muchlisin, Z. A., Pratama, F. O., T R Mustari, Dewiyanti., Purnawan, S., El-Rahimi, S. A., Sofyan, H., Affan, M., and Siti-Azizah, M. N. (2019). The composition of coral reefs in Ulee Lheue Breakwater, Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 348, 1-5.

Faqih, M. I., Effendy, M., & Insafitri. (2016). The growth rate of coral Porites sp. on different substrates on Gili Rajeh Island, Sumenep Regency [Indonesian]. Proceedings of the National Ocean Seminar.

Giyanto., Abrar, M., Hadi, T. A., Budiyanto, A., Hafizt, M., Salatalohy, A., & Iswari, M. (2017). Status of the coral reef in Indonesia 2017 [Indonesian]. Jakarta: LIPI Press.

Gomez, E. D., & Yap, H. T. (1998). Monitoring Reefs Conditions. In: Kenchington, R. A. and B. E. T. Hudson (eds). Coral reef management handbook. UNESCO regional office for science and technology for South-East Asia. Jakarta.

Hadi, T. A., Giyanto., Prayudha, B., Hafizt, M., Budiyanto, A., & Suharsono. (2018). Status of the coral reef in Indonesia [Indonesian]. Jakarta: LIPI Press.

Harahap, S. A., Syamsuddin, M. L., & Purba, N. P. (2017). Coral reefs planting as the effort to increase the added value of the environment by the domed skeletal transplant method in Pangandaran [Indonesian]. Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 1(2), 68–71.

Insafitri & Nugraha, W. A. (2006). Coral rate growth of Porites lutea [Indonesian]. Ilmu Kelautan, 11(1), 50–53.

Jiménez, C., Bassey, G., Segura, Á., & Núñez, J. C. (2010). Characterization of the coral communities and reefs of two previously undescribed locations in the upwelling region of Gulf of Papagayo (Costa Rica). Revista Ciencias Marinas y Costeras, 2(1), 95-108.

Khazali, M. (2007). Learning in the formation of the marine protected areas and management of Togean Islands National Park [Indonesian]. Prosiding MUNAS Terumbu Karang.

Lampe, I. (2018). Communication pattern in the social movements of the community around the Tiaka oil and gas mine [Indonesian]. Jurnal ASPIKOM, 3(5), 860–873.

Luthfi, O. M. (2016). Coral reef conservation using coral garden initiative in Sempu Island [Indonesian]. Journal of Innovation and Applied Technology, 2(1), 210–216.

Manembu, I., Adrianto, L., Bengen, D., & Yulianda, F. (2014). The abundance of coral fish in artificial reefs area of Ratatotok Waters, North Sulawesi [Indonesian]. Bawal, 6(1), 55-61.

Mansyur, K., Rizal, A., Tis’in, M., Nurdin, M. S., & Susanti, N. (2019). Growth and survival rate of coral transplantation at Tiaka Oil Field, Tolo Bay, Central Sulawesi [Indonesian]. Prosiding Simposium Nasional Kelautan dan Perikanan VI. Universitas Hasanuddin. Makassar.

Muliawan, I., & Firdaus, M. (2018). Economic value of coral reef ecosystem in The Kapoposang Marine Park Conservation, South Sulawesi [Indonesian]. Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan, 13(2), 133–142.

Muqsit, A., Purnama, D., & Ta’alidin, Z. (2016). The structure of the coral reef community in Pulau Dua, Enggano District, North Bengkulu Regency [Indonesian]. Jurnal Enggano, 1(1), 75–87.

Panggabean, A. S., & Setiadji, B. (2011). The bend of coral shape in leeward and winward areas at Pamegaran Island, Jakarta Bay [Indonesian]. Bawal, 3(4), 255-260.

Ramadhan, A., Lindawati., & Kurniasari, N. (2016). Economic value of coral reef ecosystem in the Wakatobi District [Indonesian]. Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan, 11(2), 133-146.

Rani, C. (2007). Climate changing: relation to coral reef [Indonesian]. Prosiding MUNAS Terumbu Karang.

Rani, C., Tahir, A., Jompa, J., Faisal, A., Yusuf, S., Werorilangi, S., & Arniati. (2017). Successfullnes of coral reef rehabilitation by bleaching events in 2016 with transplantation technique [Indonesian]. Spermonde, 3(1), 13-19.

Renfro, B., & Chadwick, N. E. (2017). Benthic community structure on coral reefs exposed to intensive recreational snorkeling. PLoS ONE, 12(9), 1-22.

Ruswahyuni & Purnomo, P. W. (2009). Water quality gradation of coral reef at Seribu Island [Indonesian]. Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, 1(1), 93-101.

Santoso, A. D., & Kardono. (2008). Coral reef conservation and rehabilitation technology [Indonesian]. Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan, 9(3), 121-226.

Souhoka, J. (2009). Condition and diversity of hard coral at Nusalaut Island, Central Maluku [Indonesian]. Jurnal Perikanan, 11(1), 54–65.

Suharsono. (2008). Coral reef species in Indonesia [Indonesian]. Jakarta: LIPI Press.

Sukmara, A., Siahainenia, A. J., & Rotinsulu, C. (2001). Guide of coral reef monitoring by community-based with manta tow method [Indonesian]. Coastal project. Special Issue. University of Rhode Island, Coastal Resources Center, Narragansett, Rhode Island, USA. Retrived from:

Syakir, M., Mansyur, K., Yusuf, S., Syam, D., & Aini, N. (2015). Learning management on coral reefs in the vicinity of oil drilling and Tiaka Gas Field, Tomori, Central Sulawesi [Indonesian]. Torani, 25(2), 88–95.

Tis’in, M., & Mansyur, K. (2016). A preliminary study of the coral reefs conditions with a different location in distances from the "production flares" of the Tiaka Oil Field [Indonesian]. Jurnal Agrisains, 17(2), 78–84.

Westmacott, S., Teleki, K., Wells, S., & West, J. M. (2000). Management of bleached and critically damaged coral reefs [Indonesian]. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Wijaya, C. K., Komala, R., & Giyanto. (2017). Condition, diversity, and growth forms of coral in Kayu Angin Genteng Island, Seribu Islands [Indonesian]. Bioma, 13(2), 108-118.

Woodley, C.M., Bruckner, A. W., Galloway, S. B., McLaughlin, S. M., Downs, C. A., Fauth, J. E., Shotts, E. B., & Lidie, K. L. (2003). Coral Disease and Health: A National Research Plan. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring.

Yunus, B. H., Wijayanti, D. P., & Sabdono, A. (2013). Acropora aspera coral transplantation with rope method in Awur Bay Waters, Jepara [Indonesian]. Buletin Oseanografi Marina, 2, 22-28.

Zhao, M., Zhang, H., Zhong, Y., Jiang, D., Yan, H., Zhang, H., Guo, P., Li, C., Liu, G., Yang, H., Chen, T., & Wang, R. (2019). The status of coral reefs and its importance for coastal protection: a case study of Northeastern Hainan Island, South China Sea. Sustainability, 11, 1-13.

DOI: ';

Creative Commons License
Tomini Journal of Aquatic Science is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.