A Stage-Structure Rosenzweig-MacArthur Model with Effect of Prey Refuge

Lazarus Kalvein Beay, Maryone Saija


We proposed and analyzed a stage-structure Rosenzweig-MacArthur model incorporating a prey refuge.  It is assumed that the prey is a stage-structure population consisting of two compartments known as immature prey and mature prey. The model incorporates the functional response Holling type-II. In this work, we investigate all the biologically feasible equilibrium points, and it is shown that the system has three equilibrium points. Sufficient conditions for the local stability of the non-negative equilibrium point of the model are also derived. All points are conditionally locally asymptotically stable. By constructing Jacobian matrix and determined eigenvalues, we analyzed the local stability of the trivial equilibrium and non-predator equilibrium points. Specifically for coexistence equilibrium point, Routh-Hurwitz criterion used to analyze local stability. In addtion, we investigated the effect of immature prey refuge. Our mathematical analysis exhibits that immature prey refuge have played a crucial role in the behavioral system. When the effect of immature prey refuge (constant m) increases, it is can stabilize non-predator equilibrium point, where all the species can not exists together. And conversely, if contant m decreases, it is can stabilize coexistence equilibrium point then all the species can exists together. The work is completed with a numerical simulation to confirmed analitical results


Rosenzweig-MacArthur Model; Stage-Structure; Refuge; Routh-Hurwitz Criterion

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34312/jjbm.v1i1.6891

Copyright (c) 2020 Lazarus Kalvein Beay; Maryone Saija

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 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Negeri Gorontalo
Jl. Prof. Dr. Ing. B. J. Habibie, Moutong, Tilongkabila, Kabupaten Bone Bolango 96119, Gorontalo, Indonesia
 Email: editorial.jjbm@ung.ac.id
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