EARLY DETECTION OSTEOPOROSIS RISK FACTORS OF WOMEN AGE MORE THAN 50 YEARS IN KOTA GORONTALO

Sri Ibrahim, Dewi Suryaningsih

Abstract


Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by a decrease in bone density and disruption of normal bone architecture. Decreased bone strength increases the risk of fracture. The World Health Organization (WHO) includes osteoporosis in the list of 10 major degenerative diseases in the world. It is noted that there are approximately 200 million patients worldwide who suffer from osteoporosis. From the report of the Indonesian osteoporosis association, as many as 41.8% of men and 90% of women already have symptoms of osteoporosis.

                    One of the efforts to reduce the incidence of osteoporosis is by early detection and avoiding risk factors for osteoporosis. This study aims to determine the risk factors for osteoporosis in women over 50 years. The research subjects were women over 50 years old in Gorontalo City. This study used a descriptive design by collecting questionnaires for early detection of osteoporosis risk factors including age, history of fracture, early menopause, family history of disease, corticosteroid consumption, physical activity, alcohol consumption, and smoking habits.

                    The results of the identification of risk factors related to the incidence of osteoporosis were found at the age of 51-61 years as many as 169 people (70.1%), age >66 years as many as 72 people (29.9%), family history of osteoporosis as many as 44 people (18.3 %), history of fracture as many as 18 people (7.5%), history of taking steroids as many as 65 people (27.0%), alcohol consumption as many as 7 people (2.9%), smoking habits as many as 13 people (5.4% ), irregular in exercising as many as 142 people (58.9%), diabetes mellitus as many as 69 people (28.6%), hypertension as many as 5 people (2.1%), and hyperthyroidism as many as 4 people (1.6% ). Therefore, it is necessary to take preventive action by modifying these risk factors.


Keywords


Elderly, Osteoporosis, Women.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Macdonald HM, New SA, Campbell MK RD. Influence Of Weight And Weight Change On Bone Loss In Perimenopausal And Early Postmenopausal Scottish Women. 1163-71. Epub 2004 Jun 5. Osteoporos Int. 2005;Feb; 6(2):

Tandra H. Segala Sesuatu Yang Harus Anda Ketahui Tentang Osteoporosis: Mengenal, Mengatasi Dan Mencegah Tulang Keropos. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. 2009.

Rachner TO KSHL. Osteoporosis: Now And The Futu Reo Lancet. 2011.

WHO. WHO Scientific Group On The Assessment Of Osteoporosis At Osteoporosis At Primary Helath Care Level. Summary Meeting Report Brussels, Belgium, 5-7 May 2004. Geneva: WHO. 2007.

Alexander , I.M Dan Knight K. 100 Questions And Answer About Osteoporosis Dan Osteopenia. 2ndedition. Sudbury: Jones And Bartlett Publisher. 2010.

Buttros Dde A N-NJ, Nahas EA, Cangussu LM, Barral AB KM. Risk Factors For Osteoporosis In Postmenopausal Women From Southeast Brazilian.Juni; 33(6):295-302. 2011;

Boedhi, Darmojo R. Buku Ajar Geriatric (Ilmu Kesehatan Lanjut Usia) Edisi Ke 4. Jakarta: Balai Penerbit FKUI. 2011.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Hasil Utama Riskesdas 2018 Kesehatan [Main Result Of Basic Heatlh Research]. Riskesdas [Internet]. 2018;52. Available From: Http://Www.Depkes.Go.Id/Resources/Download/Info-Terkini/Materi_Rakorpop_2018/Hasil Riskesdas 2018.Pdf

Fatmah. Osteoporosis Dan Faktor Risikonya Pada Lanjut Usia Etnis Jawa. Media Medika Indonesia. 2008.

Johnell Et Al. Anthropometric Measurement And Vetebral Deformities, American Journal Epidemiology, 1997. U.S.A. 1997.

Junaidi I. Osteoporosis. Jakarta : PT Buana Ilmu Polpuler. 2007.

NE. L. The Osteoporosis Book A Guide For Patients And Their Families. New York: Oxford University. 1999.

Purwanti LE, Prasetyo E, Nurhidayat S. Faktor Risiko Osteopenia Pada Remaja. J Ners Dan Kebidanan (Journal Ners Midwifery). 2015;2(1):038–42.

Koniyo MA, Zees RF, Usman L. Effectiveness Of Progressive Muscle Relaxation And Autogenic On Reducing Blood Glucose Levels. Jambura J Heal Sci Res. 2021;3(2):218–25.

Häussler B, Gothe H, Göl D, Glaeske G, Pientka L FD. Epidemiology, Treatment And Costs Of Osteoporosis In Germany--The Boneeva Study. Jan;18(1):77-84. Doi: 10.1007/S00198-006-0206-Y. Epub 2006 Sep 19. PMID: 17048064. Osteoporos Int. 2007;

Riyadina W. Hipertensi Pada Wanita Menopause. LIPI Press, Jakarta. 2019.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35971/jjhsr.v4i1.12034

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons Licence
 

 

Jambura Journal of Health Sciences and Research is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

</p