Identifikasi Penggolongan Obat Berdasarkan Peresepan Obat Hipertensi di Instalasi Rawat Jalan Rumah Sakit

Ulfa Sri Mandasari, Liza Pratiwi, Shoma Rizkifani

Abstract


The cause of hypertension is not clearly known, but risk factors that cause hypertension are found, namely the elderly or the elderly, in the form of a family history of hypertension, excess body weight and excessive salt levels. Hypertension is the third leading cause of death in Indonesia with a CFR (Case Fetality Rate) of 4.81%. Causes of the elderly suffer from hypertension due to reduced work functions in the human body. This study aims to determine the characteristics (gender and age) and classes of drugs prescribed to outpatient hypertension patients at RSUD Dr. Achmad Diponegoro Putussibau. This research is an observational study with a retrospective descriptive research design. From the results of the study, it was found that there were 55 hypertension patients with medical record data, based on gender the number of women was 62% and based on the age of 60-74 years by 80%. The class of drugs that are widely used are ACE-Inhibitors by 31%. Comorbidities that often accompany hypertension patients are diabetes mellitus by 40%. The dosage form is tablets by 90%, with the route of using the drug orally by 100%. The conclusion is that the use of drugs in hypertensive patients in the outpatient installation of RSUD Dr. Achmad Diponegoro Putussibau is mostly women. The majority occur at the age of 60-74 years, the most widely used drug class is the ACE-Inhibitor group with tablet dosage form and the oral route of use is the most widely used.


Keywords


Hypertension; Elderly; Classification; Outpatient

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kemenkes Republik Indonesia. (2014) Info Datin Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementrian Kesehatan RI. Jakarta: In: Kemenkes RI. p. 1-8.

Palmer, A & Williams, B. (2007). Simple guide "tekanan darah tinggi". Jakarta: Erlangga.

Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Pharmaceutical care untuk penyakit hipertensi. Jakarta: Ditjen Bina Kefarmasian dan Alat Kesehatan Departemen Kesehatan; 2016.

Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2018). Profil kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Jakarta: Depkes RI.

Kemenkes RI. (2018). Hasil utama riset kesehatan dasar 2018. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI.

Suprayitno E. (2019). Gambaran status tekanan darah penderita hipertensi di Desa Karanganyar Kecamatan Kalianget Kabupaten Sumenep. J Ilmu Kesehatan. 4(2): 4-20.

Kusuma N. (2016). Terapi komplementer akupresure. J of Chemical Information and Modeling. 53(9):1689–1699.

Nugroho. (2012). Keperawatan gerontik dan geriatrik, edisi 3. Jakarta: EGC.

Padila. (2013). Keperawatan gerontik edisi 1. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika.

Lutfiyati Heni, Yuliastuti Fitriana, Khotimah Arrum. (2017). Pola pengobatan hipertensi pada pasien lansia di puskesmas windusari, Kabupaten Magelang. J Farmasi Sains dan Praktis. 3(2): 14-18.

Fadhilah Ghalda, Lestari D, Rahayu Anis P, dkk. (2021). Evaluasi profil penggunaan obat antihipertensi pada pasien hipertensi rawat jalan di salah satu rumah sakit Kabupaten Bogor. J Of Science, Technology, and Entrepreneurship. 3(1): 36-47.

Kartika I, Cusmarih, Priandini S. Association between the onset of menopause and hypertension among elderly in Kamurang and Rawakuda villages, Kedung Waringin Sub-District in 2019. Journal Knowledge E. 2019; 413-418.

Junaidi, I. (2010). Hipertensi: pengenalan, pencegahan, dan pengobatan. Jakarta: PT Bhuana Ilmu Populer.

Pratiwi Nabila P. (2020). Hubungan Persepsi Dengan Kualitas Hidup Pasien Hipertensi Lanjut Usia di RSUD Sultan Syarif Mohamad Alkadrie Pontianak. JMPF. 10(2): 118-125.

Darmojo, B. (2004). Teori proses menua, buku ajar geriatri ilmu kesehatan usia lanjut. Jakarta: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Tanjungpura.

Pahlawan Kaisar, Astri Yesi, Saleh Irsan. (2013). Penggunaan obat antihipertensi pada pasien hipertensi di bagian rawat jalan rs muhammadiyah Palembang periode juli 2011-juni 2012. J Medika. 4(1): 22-26.

Sassen J, Maclaughin EJ. (2008). Hypertension in dipiro. America: The Mac Graw Hill.

Muchid. A, Umar F, Chusun. (2006). Pharmaceutical care untuk penyakit hipertensi. Jakarta: Direktorat Bina Farmasi Komunitas dan Klinik Ditjen Bina Kefarmasian dan Alat Kesehatan Departemen Kesehatan.

Harvey. P. A. and Woodward, M. C. (2001). Management of hypertension in older people, geriatric therapeutics, aged care servis austin and repatriation medical centre, victori.

Rahardjo, P. J. (2001). Peran antagonis kalsium dalam penatalaksanaan hipertensi. Jakarta: FKUI.

aul A, Suzanne O, Bary L C, Cushman, WC, Cheryl Dennison-Himmelfarb RN, Handler J. Evidence-based guideline for the management of high blood pressure in adults report from the panel members appointed to the eight joint national committee (JNC 8). JAMA. 2014; 311(5).

Stockley, H. I. (1994). Drug interactions. USA: Black Well Science.

Armstrong C. (2014). JNC8 guidelines for the management of hypertension in adults. American Family Physician.

Gradman, A. H., Basile, J.N., Carter, B.L., Bakris, G. (2013). Combination therapy in hypertension. J Am Soc Hypertens. 4(2): 90-98.

Widiyastuti Royani, Puspitasari Candra E, Amelia D. (2021). Profil penggunaan antihipertensi pada di instalasi rawat jalan RSUD provinsi NTP tahun 2018. J Archives Pharmacia. 3(1): 1-6.

Saxena T., Azeema, O. A. (2018). Pathophysiology of essensial hypertension: an update. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther.

Marliani. (2013). Hipertensi. Jakarta: PT Gramedia.

Weber, M., dkk. (2014). Clinical Practice Guidelines for the management of hypertension in the community: a statement by the American society of hypertension and the internasional society of hypertension. J of Clinical Hypertension. 16(1): 14-26.

Whallen, KL., Steward, RD. (2008). Pharmacologic management of hypertension in patients with diabetes.

Setiawati, A., Bustami, Z. (1995). Farmakologi dan terapi antihipertensi. Jakarta: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia.

Jeffers, B., dkk. (2015). A systematic: review on the efficacy of amlodipin in the treatment of patiens with hypertension with concomitant diabetes melitus and/or renal dysfunction. American J of Therapeutic. (2): 322-340.

Tandililing Senfri, Mukaddas Alwiyah, Faustine Ingrid. (2017). Profil penggunaan obat pasien hipertensi esensial di instalasi rawat jalan RSUD I Lagaligo Kabupaten Luwu Timur periode januari-desember tahun 2014. J of Pharmacy. 3(1): 49-56.

Ansel, H. C. (2008). Pengantar bentuk sediaan farmasi, edisi keempat. Jakarta: UI Press.

Anief, M. (2000). Farmasetika. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.37311/jsscr.v4i2.14028

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Journal Syifa Sciences and Clinical Research (JSSCR)



EDITORIAL OFFICE OF JOURNAL SYIFA SCIENCES AND CLINICAL RESEARCH
  Department of Pharmacy, Gorontalo State University
Jl. Jenderal Sudirman No.6, Kota Gorontalo, Provinsi Gorontalo 96128, Indonesia
  Email: info.jsscr@ung.ac.id
Google Scholar : JOURNAL SYIFA SCIENCES AND CLINICAL RESEARCH
  +62-815-47458537 (Call/SMS/WA)
+62-813-60606757 (Call/SMS/WA)

Creative Commons License

Journal Syifa Sciences and Clinical Research  is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.