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Author Guidelines

Manuscript Submission

Jambura Journal of Biomathematics (JJBM) aims to become the leading journal in Southeast Asia in presenting original research articles and review papers about mathematical approaches to explain biological phenomena. JJBM will accept high-quality articles utilizing mathematical analysis to gain biological understanding in the fields of, but not restricted to:


Mathematics plays a crucial role in solving ecological problems by providing tools to quantify, model, and analyze complex ecological systems. Differential equations, probability theory, statistics, and optimization methods are commonly used mathematical frameworks in ecological research. These tools allow ecologists to develop models that describe population dynamics, species interactions, ecosystem processes, and the effects of environmental factors. By calibrating these models with empirical data, researchers can make predictions about the behavior of ecological systems under different scenarios, assess the impacts of human activities such as habitat destruction or climate change, and design effective conservation and management strategies. Moreover, mathematical techniques help in synthesizing large datasets, identifying patterns and trends, and uncovering underlying mechanisms governing ecological phenomena, thereby advancing our understanding of the natural world and informing decision-making for sustainable environmental stewardship.

Mathematics plays a critical role in tackling oncological problems by providing powerful analytical and computational tools to understand cancer biology, predict tumor behavior, optimize treatment strategies, and assess therapeutic outcomes. Mathematical modeling allows researchers to describe the complex dynamics of tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis, as well as the interactions between cancer cells, the immune system, and the tumor microenvironment. Differential equations, agent-based models, network theory, and machine learning techniques are commonly employed to simulate these processes and predict how tumors evolve over time, respond to different treatments, and develop resistance mechanisms. Mathematical models also aid in the design and optimization of treatment protocols, such as chemotherapy schedules, radiation dosing, and immunotherapy strategies, by predicting their efficacy and potential side effects. Moreover, mathematical approaches facilitate the analysis of large-scale genomic, proteomic, and clinical datasets, helping identify biomarkers for early detection, prognosis, and personalized treatment planning. By integrating mathematical and computational methods with experimental and clinical data, oncologists can gain deeper insights into cancer biology, improve patient outcomes, and accelerate the development of innovative therapies towards more effective cancer management.

Mathematics is fundamental in understanding neurobiology, providing tools for modeling the complex structure and dynamics of the nervous system, analyzing experimental data, and making predictions about neuronal function and behavior. Mathematical modeling techniques, including differential equations, stochastic processes, and computational simulations, are used to describe the biophysical properties of neurons, the dynamics of neural networks, and the mechanisms underlying neural coding and information processing. For example, mathematical models can simulate action potential generation, synaptic transmission, and synaptic plasticity, shedding light on how neurons communicate and form functional connections. Network theory and graph theory are employed to study the organization and connectivity patterns of neural circuits, revealing principles of brain architecture and information flow. Furthermore, mathematical approaches are crucial for analyzing neuroimaging data, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalography (EEG), enabling researchers to map brain activity, identify brain regions involved in specific tasks or cognitive functions, and investigate brain disorders. By integrating mathematical modeling with experimental techniques, neurobiologists can uncover the underlying principles of brain function and dysfunction, leading to insights into neurological diseases, the development of therapeutic interventions, and the design of brain-inspired artificial intelligence systems.
Cell Biology

Mathematics is indispensable in understanding the behavior and dynamics of biological cells, offering tools to model cellular processes, analyze experimental data, and make predictions about cellular behavior under different conditions. Mathematical models of cellular processes range from simple biochemical reactions to complex systems involving gene regulation, signal transduction, and metabolic pathways. These models often employ ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations, and stochastic processes to describe the kinetics and interactions of biomolecules within the cell. For instance, mathematical models can elucidate how genes are regulated, how proteins interact to form cellular structures, and how signaling pathways mediate cellular responses to external stimuli. Moreover, mathematical approaches are crucial for analyzing experimental data generated from techniques such as microscopy, flow cytometry, and molecular biology assays, enabling researchers to extract quantitative information about cellular properties, dynamics, and functions. Mathematical modeling also facilitates the design and optimization of genetic circuits, synthetic biology constructs, and drug delivery systems, with applications in biotechnology and medicine. By integrating mathematical modeling with experimental biology, researchers can gain deeper insights into the complexity of cellular systems, uncover emergent properties, and address fundamental questions in cell biology, ultimately leading to advancements in healthcare, biotechnology, and our understanding of life itself.

Mathematics is extensively applied in biostatistics, serving as the foundation for statistical methods used to analyze biological and medical data, draw meaningful inferences, and make informed decisions in healthcare and biomedical research. Mathematical concepts such as probability theory, calculus, and linear algebra underpin statistical techniques employed in biostatistics, including hypothesis testing, regression analysis, survival analysis, and experimental design. These methods are used to analyze various types of data, including clinical trials, epidemiological studies, genomic data, and imaging data, to uncover patterns, trends, and associations related to disease risk, treatment effectiveness, and population health. Furthermore, mathematical modeling plays a crucial role in biostatistics, enabling the development of mathematical models that describe the dynamics of infectious diseases, population dynamics, and the spread of epidemics. These models help in forecasting disease outbreaks, evaluating public health interventions, and informing healthcare policies. Additionally, mathematical techniques are essential for assessing the reliability and validity of research findings, estimating sample sizes, and controlling for confounding factors in observational studies. Overall, mathematics provides the theoretical framework and analytical tools necessary for biostatisticians to address complex biological and medical questions, contributing to advancements in healthcare, disease prevention, and medical decision-making.

Mathematics plays a crucial role in bioinformatics, providing the foundation for computational methods used to analyze biological data, decipher genomic information, and understand the structure and function of biological molecules. Mathematical concepts such as algorithms, probability theory, graph theory, and linear algebra are extensively applied in bioinformatics to develop computational tools and models for analyzing DNA sequences, protein structures, and biological networks. Sequence alignment algorithms, such as dynamic programming and hidden Markov models, are used to compare DNA, RNA, and protein sequences, revealing evolutionary relationships, identifying functional elements, and predicting gene functions. Mathematical techniques like machine learning and pattern recognition are employed to classify biological sequences, predict protein structures, and annotate genomic data. Furthermore, mathematical modeling is essential for simulating biological processes, such as gene regulation, metabolic pathways, and protein-protein interactions, enabling researchers to gain insights into complex biological systems and predict their behavior under different conditions. Mathematical approaches are also crucial for analyzing high-throughput data generated from techniques like next-generation sequencing, microarrays, and mass spectrometry, facilitating the discovery of biomarkers, drug targets, and disease mechanisms. By integrating mathematics with biology and computer science, bioinformatics enables researchers to harness the vast amounts of biological data available today, accelerating discoveries in genomics, personalized medicine, and biotechnology, and ultimately improving human health.

Mathematics is essential in bioengineering, providing the quantitative framework for designing, analyzing, and optimizing biological systems and biomedical devices. Mathematical modeling is employed to describe the physical and biochemical processes underlying biological systems, such as tissue growth, gene expression, and drug kinetics. Differential equations, partial differential equations, and stochastic processes are commonly used to represent these processes, enabling researchers to simulate and predict the behavior of engineered biological systems. Mathematical optimization techniques are utilized to design and optimize biomedical devices and therapies, such as artificial organs, prosthetic limbs, and drug delivery systems, by maximizing performance metrics while minimizing adverse effects. Moreover, mathematical approaches are crucial for analyzing experimental data generated from biological experiments and clinical trials, allowing researchers to extract meaningful insights, identify trends, and make informed decisions. Additionally, mathematical modeling and simulation are employed to guide the development of medical imaging techniques, such as MRI, CT, and PET scans, enabling clinicians to visualize and diagnose diseases non-invasively. By integrating mathematics with biology, physics, and engineering, bioengineers can design innovative solutions to biomedical challenges, paving the way for advancements in healthcare, regenerative medicine, and personalized therapeutics.

Infectious diseases

Mathematics plays a crucial role in understanding and combating infectious diseases by providing tools for modeling disease dynamics, predicting outbreaks, and evaluating intervention strategies. Mathematical models, such as compartmental models (e.g., SIR, SEIR), agent-based models, and network models, describe the transmission dynamics of infectious diseases within populations, incorporating parameters like transmission rates, contact patterns, and population demographics to simulate disease spread. By calibrating these models with epidemiological data, researchers estimate key parameters like the basic reproduction number (R₀) and assess the impact of interventions like vaccination and social distancing. Moreover, mathematical approaches, including statistical methods and machine learning algorithms, analyze epidemiological data to uncover patterns, trends, and risk factors associated with infectious diseases. Overall, mathematics informs public health policies, aiding in resource allocation and timely interventions to mitigate the impact of infectious disease outbreaks. 


Renewable biological resources

Mathematics plays a pivotal role in the sustainable management of renewable biological resources by providing quantitative methods for understanding ecosystem dynamics, assessing resource availability, and optimizing resource utilization. Mathematical models, such as population dynamics models and ecosystem models, describe the interactions between renewable biological resources, including plants, animals, and microorganisms, and their environment, considering factors like population growth, species interactions, and environmental variability. These models help predict the effects of human activities, such as harvesting and habitat alteration, on resource abundance and biodiversity, guiding conservation and management efforts. Mathematical optimization techniques are used to develop strategies for sustainable resource exploitation, determining optimal harvesting rates, protected areas, and habitat restoration plans to maintain ecological integrity and meet societal needs. Additionally, statistical methods are employed to analyze monitoring data and assess the effectiveness of management interventions, facilitating adaptive management approaches for maintaining the long-term viability of renewable biological resources. 

Genetics and population genetics

Mathematics is integral to genetics and population genetics, providing essential tools for modeling genetic inheritance, understanding evolutionary processes, and analyzing genetic variation within populations. Mathematical models, such as the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and the Wright-Fisher model, describe the distribution of alleles and genotypes in populations over time, considering factors like mutation, genetic drift, migration, and selection. These models help predict patterns of genetic diversity, identify regions under selective pressure, and infer demographic history. Additionally, statistical methods, including linkage and association analyses, are used to identify genetic variants associated with traits and diseases, facilitating the discovery of genes underlying complex phenotypes. Moreover, mathematical approaches, such as population genetics simulations and coalescent theory, help reconstruct evolutionary histories and infer population demographics, providing insights into human migration patterns, speciation events, and adaptation to different environments. Overall, mathematics serves as a fundamental tool for unraveling the complexities of genetic inheritance and evolution, advancing our understanding of the genetic basis of traits and diseases and informing medical genetics and conservation biology. 


Reviewing of Manuscripts

Each received paper will be sent to at least two reviewers for evaluation. We use the double-blind peer-review process. The decision is made based on the evaluation reports from the reviewers. Whenever necessary, we ask a third reviewer to evaluate the paper.

Abstract Indexing

Articles published in Jambura Journal of Mathematics have appeared in the following indexed:

  • Google Scholar


Form of Manuscript

The paper should be written in Bahasa or English.  When submitting the manuscript, the PDF file is preferred (but also could use MS word). If it is accepted, the manuscripts should be prepared in LaTeX which can be downloaded from our website. Make sure that your paper has an abstract, keywords, and phrases. Avoid complicated formulas in the title as well as in the abstract.

IMPORTANT:  Since the manuscript undergoes a double-blind review process, all author(s) personal information should be removed and excluded from the main document as well as file names. Please make sure the following are not included in your manuscript: names, acknowledgments, university information, contact information, etc.  You would be able to add all this information later if your manuscript is accepted for publication.


The abstract must be presented in English and Bahasa for an Indonesian manuscript, and use only English for an English manuscript. It should summarize the main result(s) and, possibly, the method(s) used, in at most 200 words. If the paper is a survey paper, it must be indicated so in the abstract.


If any, figures should be supplied in a form suitable for photographic reproduction after the printer has inserted any necessary lettering in the correct type. They should be printed or drawn in black ink on good white paper, at approximately the size that they will be printed.


The reference at the end of the text must be written by the following example. Quote only the items that you have read. It is recommended to use Manager Reference Applications such as EndNoteMendeleyZotero, etc. Use other articles published in the same journal as the model. All publications cited in the text must be included as a list of Bibliographies with the IEEE Style. Examples of citations and reference writing for journal articles can be seen in [1] [2] [3], reference types of proceedings seen in [4] [5], reference type/ thesis/ dissertation seen in [6] [7] [8 ] Furthermore, reference to the type of book is seen in [9] and references in the form of websites are seen in [10]. Meanwhile [11] shows examples of citations and reference writing in the form of articles in the book (Book Section). 

[1]       R. Resmawan, P. Sianturi, and E. H. Nugrahani, “The Analysis of SEIRS-SEI Epidemic Models on Malaria with Regard to Human Recovery Rate,” Aceh Int. J. Sci. Technol., vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 132–140, Mar. 2018.

[2]       S. Ding, “A novel discrete grey multivariable model and its application in forecasting the output value of China’s high-tech industries,” Comput. Ind. Eng., vol. 127, pp. 749–760, 2019.

[3]       S. Ismail and M. Bakari, “Meningkatkan Penguasaan Siswa Kelas IX pada Fungsi Kuadrat dan Grafiknya Menggunakan Teknik Inkuiri,” Jambura J. Math., vol. 1, no. 1, 2019.

[4]       R. Resmawan, “Model Epidemik SEIRS-SEI Penyebaran Penyakit Malaria dengan Vaksinasi dan Pengobatan,” in Prosiding Seminar Nasional Matematika IndoMS Wilayah Sulawesi, 2017, pp. 128–140.

[5]       B. N. Ruchjana, S. A. Borovkova, and H. P. Lopuhaa, “Least-squares estimation of Generalized Space-Time AutoRegressive (GSTAR) model and its properties,” in The 5th International Conferences on Research and Education in Mathematics, 2012, pp. 61–64.

[6]       S. O. S. P. Ahaya, “Analisis Kestabilan Model Epidemik dengan Vaksinasi pada Penyakit Campak,” Universitas Negeri Gorontalo, 2019.

[7]       D. Wungguli, B. P. Silalahi, and S. Guritman, “Metode Steepest Descent dengan Ukuran Langkah Baru dalam Pengoptimuman Nirkendala,” Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor, 2015.

[8]       A. Thiele, “A robust optimization approach to supply chains and revenue management,” Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2004.

[9]       A. Rorres, An Introduction to Linear Algebra, 4 Edition. London: Pearson, 2017.

[10]     U. S. G. Survey, “Science Application for Risk Reduction,” 2018. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 15-Oct-2018].

[11]     P. van den Driessche and J. Watmough, “Further Notes on the Basic Reproduction Number,” in Mathematical Epidemiology, Victoria: Springer, 1945.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

  2. The submission file is in pdf document file format.

  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 10-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.


Copyright Notice

Please find rights and licenses in Jambura Journal of Biomathematics. By submitting articles/article manuscripts, the author agrees to this policy. No special documents required.

1. License

Use of articles will be governed by the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license as currently displayed on  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC)


2. Author(s)' Warranties

The author warrants that the article is original, written by the stated author(s), has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author(s).


3. User Rights

Jambura Journal of Biomathematics's spirit is to disseminate articles published are as free as possible. Under the Creative Commons license, Jambura Journal of Biomathematics permits users to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work. Users will also need to attribute authors and Jambura Journal of Biomathematics on distributing works in the journal and other media of publications.


4. Rights of Authors

Authors retain all their rights to the published works, such as (but not limited to) the following rights;

1. Copyright and other proprietary rights relating to the article, such as patent rights,

2. The right to use the substance of the article in own future works, including lectures and books,

3. The right to reproduce the article for own purposes,

4. The right to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the article's published version (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal (Jambura Journal of Biomathematics).

5. Co-Authorship

If the article was jointly prepared by more than one author, any authors submitting the manuscript warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to be agreed on this copyright and license notice (agreement) on their behalf, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this policy. Jambura Journal of Biomathematics will not be held liable for anything that may arise due to the author(s) internal dispute. Jambura Journal of Biomathematics will only communicate with the corresponding author.

6. Royalties

Being an open accessed journal and disseminating articles for free under the Creative Commons license term mentioned, author(s) aware that Jambura Journal of Biomathematics entitles the author(s) to no royalties or other fees.


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


Author Fees

This journal charges the following author fees.

Article Publication Charge: 1000000.00 (IDR)

The article publication charge (APC) is given for the article with the Indonesian first author. For non-Indonesian first authors, no APC is needed.

This journal charges the article publication fee for supporting the cost of wide-open access dissemination of research results, managing the various costs associated with handling and editing of the submitted manuscripts, and the Journal management and publication in general, the authors or the author's institution is requested to pay a publication fee for each article accepted. The fee covers:

  • DOI registration for each paper.
  • Checking the article similarity by Turnitin; the final result will be sent to authors (by request). 
  • Layout Editing according to template and journal standard.

The Journal will give a waiver for the article with the following condition.

  1. The article with the first author has a significant contribution to developing the Jambura Journal of Mathematics as the editors and reviewers.
  2. The full waiver is given for articles with non-Indonesian first authors.
  3. 25% Waiver for an article with one or more non-Indonesian authors (the first author is Indonesian).
  4. The articles considered have a significant impact on mathematical biology.